First steps in American History

Abraham Lincoln

 American President Abraham Lincoln

The name of Abraham Lincoln is linked to the bloodiest war in American history, but also to one of the greatest achievements of American politics: the abolition of slavery.
Abraham Lincoln was born on February 22, 1809 near Hodgenville, Kentucky, the son of a poor farmer. He married Mary Todd, with whom he had four sons, of which only one reached adulthood. He was unable to attend a good school. As an autodidact, he acquired knowledge in field measurement, but above all he was interested in law. From 1834 to 1842 he was a member of the People's Assembly of Illinois. Since 1837 he worked in a law firm in Springfield, where he was valued as a defender in difficult cases very much.
In 1854, Lincoln, along with other opponents of slavery, founded the Republican Party, for which he was elected president on November 6, 1860, with the votes of all non-slaveholders. A few months later, in February 1861, seven southern states founded the Confederate States of America. Later, they joined eight other states. Lincoln was a fierce opponent of this in his eyes illegal secession (spin-off). He was ready to defend the Union of States by force. When Confederate troops attacked Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861, he called for arms. The American Civil War had begun.
Abraham Lincoln succeeded in winning not only the Republicans, but also most of the Northern democrats for the cause of the Union. By September 1862, General Lee had managed to advance almost to Washington. In this critical situation for the North, Lincoln announced on September 22, 1862, the abolition of slavery. On January 1, 1863, the proclamation came into force. The victory of the North at the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863 is considered a turning point in the American Civil War. From now on, the triumph of the Yankees was unstoppable. In 1864 Lincoln was re-elected as president. In his peace plans he showed himself generous to the insurgent southern states. Time and again he called them to lay down their arms and join the Union. On April 9, 1865, General Lee finally capitulated to Appomatox Courthouse. A few days later, on April 14, 1865, Lincoln was shot during a theatrical performance in Washington by John Wilkes Booth, a fanatical Southerner.